Sep 072012
 
Russian Spetsnaz - GRU - KGB - FSB - MVD

During the 1970s, when the Cold War was at its height, the West became aware of the existence of Soviet Spetsnaz troops, which were grouped into what were known as “diversionary brigades.” Today, although the Cold War is long since ended, Russian Spetsnaz units are still part of the Russian order-of-battle, although their missions have changed.

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Sep 072012
 
History of the Cheka - OGPU - NKVD - MGB - KGB - FSB

There always was a state security service within the Soviet Union . From the very birth of the Soviet state. The first Soviet Union state security organization, the Vecheka, was created on 20 December 1917. 1918 The NKVD (People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs) had been formed to control the police department, criminal investigation departments, fire brigades, internal troops, and prison guards.

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Sep 072012
 
Russian Special Operations Units

The 20,000 members of the Federal Protective Service (FSO) was one of the successors of the KGB, assuming functions of the Ninth Directorate which guarded the Kremlin and key offices of the CPSU. Special Presidential Security Units (PSB), formerly an element of the 9th Chief Directorate of the KGB, was established as an independent government agency to provide security for Russian top officials and the guards for the Kremlin (December 1993).

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Sep 072012
 
MVD - The Ministry of Internal Affairs

The MVD had a wide array of duties. It was responsible for uncovering and investigating certain categories of crime, apprehending criminals, supervising the internal passport system, maintaining public order, combating public intoxication, supervising parolees, managing prisons and labor camps, providing fire protection, and controlling traffic.

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Sep 072012
 
The NKVD - People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs

1917 – The first Soviet state security organization, the Vecheka, was created in December 20th.
1918 – The NKVD (People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs) had been formed to control the police department, criminal investigation departments, fire brigades, internal troops, and prison guards.
1922 – With the end of the civil war and the stabilization period, the Cheka was transformed into the GPU on 8 February.

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Sep 072012
 
The Soviet Union Internal Security

The Soviet Union system had to protect itself from internal and external threats by creating a strong security system. The system included the police patrols, strong judicial departments and prosecution department as well as an external security and foreign intelligence departments.

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Sep 072012
 
The Soviet Army - Smersh

In 1943 the Soviet Army started a counter offensive against the fascist invaders and a had to “clean” liberated territories from enemy’s agents, saboteur groups, remains of defeated German troops, rebels units etc. On 19-th of April, 1943 by order of Stalin the SMERSH organization was created. The SMERSH was the Chief Counter-Intelligence Department for People’s Defense in the USSR.

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Sep 072012
 
The Origins of the Russian Military Doctrine

Considering the enormous changes that have taken place in the Soviet Union in the 67 years since the Bolshevik Revolution, it seems difficult to believe that certain fundamentals of its character as a nation have remained virtually unaltered. By comparison, the democratic countries of the West and Japan have profoundly reshaped their political and economic ideologies during this period. Since 1924, The Soviet Union have had only four leaders compare to the eleven presidents in the United States. The heads of the Soviet Communist Party have held their power for a minimum of ten years.

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Sep 042012
 
Russian Army - April 1242 - Lake "Chud"

The decisive battle between the Russians and Germans took place on 5 April 1242 on the ice-covered surface. Tactical advantage over the prevailing enemy allowed the Russians to destroy Livonian forces once again. At the time when a substantial part of the Russian regions had to acknowledge the Mongolian sovereignty from the East, the “Battle of the Ice” dismissed the danger from the West.

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Sep 042012
 
Russian Battle from Narva to Poltava

The enmity that had existed between Russia and Sweden since the Viking’s time was intensified during the reign of Peter I and, finally, culminated with the twenty-year long Great Northern War. Russia had no ships on the Baltic and was struggling to gain entrance into the sea from Europe. With a fleet of 39 ships, Sweden dominated the Baltic. Under the power of the King Charles XII, Sweden fought to maintain its supremacy against Tsar Peter’s forces.

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Sep 022012
 
The Russian History

Russian State developed through several major periods: Kievan Rus’, the Moscow Rise period, Russian Empire, the Soviet Union, Russian Federation. The key events of the Russian history were the adoption of Christianity from Byzantium Empire, the Mongol conquest of Russia, the Moscow Rise period, peasants serfdom, reforms of Peter the Great, communism, reforms of 1990-th.

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