Sep 072012
 
Russian Spetsnaz - GRU - KGB - FSB - MVD

During the 1970s, when the Cold War was at its height, the West became aware of the existence of Soviet Spetsnaz troops, which were grouped into what were known as “diversionary brigades.” Today, although the Cold War is long since ended, Russian Spetsnaz units are still part of the Russian order-of-battle, although their missions have changed.

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Sep 072012
 
History of the Cheka - OGPU - NKVD - MGB - KGB - FSB

There always was a state security service within the Soviet Union . From the very birth of the Soviet state. The first Soviet Union state security organization, the Vecheka, was created on 20 December 1917. 1918 The NKVD (People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs) had been formed to control the police department, criminal investigation departments, fire brigades, internal troops, and prison guards.

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Sep 072012
 
Russian Special Operations Units

The 20,000 members of the Federal Protective Service (FSO) was one of the successors of the KGB, assuming functions of the Ninth Directorate which guarded the Kremlin and key offices of the CPSU. Special Presidential Security Units (PSB), formerly an element of the 9th Chief Directorate of the KGB, was established as an independent government agency to provide security for Russian top officials and the guards for the Kremlin (December 1993).

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Sep 072012
 
MVD - The Ministry of Internal Affairs

The MVD had a wide array of duties. It was responsible for uncovering and investigating certain categories of crime, apprehending criminals, supervising the internal passport system, maintaining public order, combating public intoxication, supervising parolees, managing prisons and labor camps, providing fire protection, and controlling traffic.

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Sep 072012
 
The NKVD - People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs

1917 – The first Soviet state security organization, the Vecheka, was created in December 20th.
1918 – The NKVD (People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs) had been formed to control the police department, criminal investigation departments, fire brigades, internal troops, and prison guards.
1922 – With the end of the civil war and the stabilization period, the Cheka was transformed into the GPU on 8 February.

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Sep 072012
 
The Soviet Union Internal Security

The Soviet Union system had to protect itself from internal and external threats by creating a strong security system. The system included the police patrols, strong judicial departments and prosecution department as well as an external security and foreign intelligence departments.

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