Russian Spetsnaz History: GRU, KGB, FSB, MVD, Alpha, Vympel. The Russian Spetsnaz Troops were raised as the troops of the Main Intelligence Department and in the 1980s numbered 30,000 soldiers. During the 1970’s, when the Cold War was at its height, the West became aware of the existence of Soviet Spetsnaz troops. Although the Cold War is over, Russian Spetsnaz units are still part of the Russian order-of-battle, although their missions have changed.
History of Russian Sambo, how the Russian Free-style wrestling was created. Combat Sambo VS Sport Sambo. Spiridonov, Oshchepkov, Anatoly Kharlampiev.
I remember how I and my friends were suppressed. The information was absolutely new. This article was about Russian Sambo. Almost everyone heard about jiu jitsu, but Russian Combat Sambo was not well-known.
Publicly named a union-republic agency, the KGB was highly centralized and was controlled rigidly from the top. The KGB central staff kept a close watch over the operations of its branches. Local government organs had little involvement in local KGB activities. Key decisions were made by the KGB Collegiums which was a collective leadership department composed of the chairman, deputy chairman, chiefs of certain KGB directorates, and one or two chairmen of republic of the KGB organizations.
The first Soviet Union security organization called “Cheka”. It was created on 20 December 1917. The NKVD (People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs) was created in 1918 to control the police department, criminal investigation departments, fire brigades, internal troops, and prison guards.
Lubyanka – the KGB Headquarter. Lubyanka Square in downtown Moscow was the head-quarters of the KGB. The KGB directors had their office on the third floor of the building. The Lubyanka actually consists of three buildings.
The GRU, also called Spetsnaz GRU, is the foreign intelligence department of the Russian Ministry of Defense, and it carries out the functions of the central organ of military intelligence within the General Staff.
The 20,000 members of the Russian Federal Protective Service (FSO) was one of the successors of the KGB. The FSO, headquartered in Block 14 in the Kremlin, supervises top-level government communications, operates and protects underground command centers, maintains the special underground train system that connects key government facilities in the Moscow area, and protects other strategic facilities, and executive aircraft and special military trains.
The MVD (The Ministry of Internal Affairs), which encompassed the regular, or nonpolitical, police, had a long history in the Soviet Union. It was first established as the NKVD on November 18, 1917. It has undergone several organizational and name changes since then. When the MVD was established in 1954, the security police was separated from the regular police. Then, in 1962 the MVD was redesignated the Ministry for the Preservation of Public Order – MOOP. The changes were accompanied by increasing criticism of the regular police in the Soviet press for its shortcomings in combating crime.
1918 – The NKVD (People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs) had been formed to control the police department, criminal investigation departments, fire brigades, internal troops, and prison guards.
The Soviet Union system had to protect itself from internal and external threats by creating a strong security system. The system included the police patrols, strong judicial departments and prosecution department as well as an external security and foreign intelligence departments. The KGB played an important role in implementing the anti-corruption campaign.
In 1943 the Soviet Army started a counter offensive against the fascist invaders and a had to “clean” liberated territories from enemy’s agents, saboteur groups, remains of defeated German troops, rebels units etc. On 19-th of April, 1943 by order of Stalin the SMERSH organization was created. The SMERSH was the Chief Counter-Intelligence Department for People’s Defense in the USSR.
Considering the enormous changes that have taken place in the Soviet Union in the 67 years since the Bolshevik Revolution, it seems difficult to believe that certain fundamentals of its character as a nation have remained virtually unaltered. By comparison, the democratic countries of the West and Japan have profoundly reshaped their political and economic ideologies during this period. Since 1924, The Soviet Union have had only four leaders compare to the eleven presidents in the United States. The heads of the Soviet Communist Party have held their power for a minimum of ten years.
On 8 September 1380 the Kulikovo Fields became the witnesses of one of the greatest and bloodiest battles of the Middle Ages, and one of the most significant battles in the history of mankind.
The decisive battle between the Russians and Germans took place on 5 April 1242 on the ice-covered surface. Tactical advantage over the prevailing enemy allowed the Russians to destroy Livonian forces once again. At the time when a substantial part of the Russian regions had to acknowledge the Mongolian sovereignty from the East, the “Battle of the Ice” dismissed the danger from the West.
The enmity that had existed between Russia and Sweden since the Viking’s time was intensified during the reign of Peter I and, finally, culminated with the twenty-year long Great Northern War. Russia had no ships on the Baltic and was struggling to gain entrance into the sea from Europe. With a fleet of 39 ships, Sweden dominated the Baltic. Under the power of the King Charles XII, Sweden fought to maintain its supremacy against Tsar Peter’s forces.
Russian State developed through several major periods: Kievan Rus’, the Moscow Rise period, Russian Empire, the Soviet Union, Russian Federation. The key events of the Russian history were the adoption of Christianity from Byzantium Empire, the Mongol conquest of Russia, the Moscow Rise period, peasants serfdom, reforms of Peter the Great, communism, reforms of 1990-th.