Sep 072012
 
Russian Spetsnaz - GRU - KGB - FSB - MVD

RUSSIAN SPETSNAZ During the 1970s, when the Cold War was at its height, the West became aware of the existence of Soviet Spetsnaz troops, which were grouped into what were known as “diversionary brigades.” Today, although the Cold War is long since ended, Spetsnaz units are still part of the Russian order-of-battle, although their missions have changed. Spetsnaz (Troops of special purpose) were raised as the troops of the Main razvedyvatel’noe department – GRU and in the 1980s numbered some

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Sep 072012
 
Russian Sambo - Combat Sambo

“USSR. NKVD. Moscow region’ department. Case No.2641 about accusation Oshchepkov V.S. according to clause 58 article 6 of Russia’ Criminal Code. Vol.1″. Thin, very worn file from dirty-yellow cardboard, including the tragically fate of beautiful man. How long was my way to this file! By clever and live language there was written the story by Anatoly Kharlampiev – how he, due to his father’s advice, created soviet system of free-style wrestling and self-defense - Russian Sambo. He traveled through almost whole

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Sep 072012
 
THE KGB - Organization of the Committee for the State Security

The basic organizational structure of the KGB was created in 1954, when the reorganization of the police apparatus was carried out. In the late 1980s, the KGB remained a highly centralized institution, with controls implemented by the Politburo through the KGB headquarters in Moscow. Structure of the KGB The KGB organization was originally designated as a “state committee attached to the Council of Ministers.” On July 5, 1978, a new law on the Council of Ministers changed the status of the

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Sep 072012
 
History of the Cheka - OGPU - NKVD - MGB - KGB - FSB

There always was a state security service within the Soviet Union . From the very birth of the Soviet state. In December of 1917 the Cheka, an acronym for the All-Russian Extraordinary Commission for Combating Counter-Revolution and Sabotage, was established. By 1918 under the rule of die-hard Polish Bolshevik Felix Derzhinsky the Cheka became the most feared institution in the whole corse of the Russian Civil War. In 1922, The Cheka was reorganized under the apporatis of the GPU, soon to be

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Sep 072012
 
Federal Security Service (FSB) - Lubianka - The KGB

FSB Structure after reform (2004) : Director – Nikolay Patrushev First deputy – Viktor Pronichev First deputy – Sergei Smirnov Deputy – Vyacheslav Ushakov Deputy – Vladimir Anisimov Services: Counterintelligence service – Oleg Syromolotov Service for the Protection of the Constitutional System and the Fight against Terrorism – Aleksandr Bragin Economic Security Service – Aleksandr Bortnikov Border Service – Viktor Pronichev Organizational and Personnel Service – Yevgeny Lovyrev The Analysis, Forecasting, and Strategic Planning Service – Viktor Komogorov Control Service

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Sep 072012
 
The GRU - Operations of the Main Intelligence Administration

The GRU is the foreign intelligence organ of the Russian Ministry of Defense, and it carries out the functions of the central organ of military intelligence within the General Staff. Though sometimes compared to the US Defense Intelligence Agency, its activities encompass those performed by nearly all joint US military intelligence agencies as well as other national US organizations. The GRU gathers HUMINT through military attaches and foreign agents. It also maintains significant signals intelligence (SIGINT) and imagery reconnaissance and satellite imagery (IMINT)

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Sep 072012
 
Russian Special Operations Units

Federal Protective Service (FSO) The 20,000 members of the Federal Protective Service (FSO) is one of the successors of the KGB, assuming functions of the Ninth Directorate which guarded the Kremlin and key offices of the CPSU. The FSO, headquartered in Block 14 in the Kremlin, supervises top-level government communications, operates and protects underground command centers, maintains the special underground train system that connects key government facilities in the Moscow area, and protects other strategic facilities, and executive aircraft and

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Sep 072012
 
MVD - The Ministry of Internal Affairs

The MVD, which encompassed the regular, or nonpolitical, police, had a long history in the Soviet Union. It was first established as the NKVD on November 18, 1917. It has undergone several organizational and name changes since then. When the MVD was established in 1954, the security police was separated from the regular police. The MVD was originally established as a union-republic ministry with headquarters in Moscow, but in 1960 the Khrushchev leadership, as part of its general downgrading of the police, abolished the central MVD,

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Sep 072012
 
The NKVD - People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs

1917 – The first Soviet state security organization, the Vecheka, was created on 20 December 1917. The Vecheka (All-Russian Extraordinary Commission for Combating Counter-revolution and Sabotage) is more commonly known as the Cheka. 1918 - The NKVD  (People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs) had been formed to control the militia (police), criminal investigation departments, fire brigades, internal troops, and prison guards. 1922 – With the end of the civil war and the resulting period of stabilization, the Cheka was transformed, on 8 February

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Sep 072012
 
The Soviet Union Internal Security

The Soviet Union system had no legitimacy based on popular support and therefore protected itself from internal and external threats by means of a strong security system. The system included the regular police, judicial bodies, prosecuting organs, and the security police, as well as an external security and foreign intelligence apparatus. The Soviet Union security, or political, police had a long history, dating back to the pre revolutionary, tsarist period. Although the tsarist political police was ruthless and unscrupulous, the police

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